विक्रम सम्वत् 2071 भाद्रपद शुक्ल अमा./ प्रति. से आश्विन कृष्ण अमावस
Shradh is not just a day to donate lumps of grains or just feed a pandit with Indian cultural food. It has a deep spiritual as well as philosophical meaning. From spiritual point of view, by performing Shradh via reciting proper Mantras and give tribute to our ancestors. This way they bless us. On the other hand, a Shradh is the chance to distribute our wealth in society in some form to help needy. This day helps in enhancing the righteousness in our nature. And it takes us closer to God.
Brahminis and Brahmans are also feed, as it is believed that anything feed to Brahminis this day directly goes to the ancestor’s soul. There are many other things too for offering to our ancestors. As Shradh is the time to pay tribute to the dead ones, buying new clothes and getting a haircut or even cutting toe nails is strictly prohibited during this period. On the day of Shradh, women don’t wash their hair, men don’t even shave.
These days are considered for the remembrance and Tarpan of our ancestors and saints. Shradh is – “Shradhya Yatha Kriyata Tat”, which means ‘something that is offered with devotion is known as Shradh.’ Ancestors, who put their endeavor for our welfare, who worked throughout their whole lives for us, we should remember them with faith. And, in whatever Yoni they are, we should pray for their happiness and peace. All these things are possible by doing Pind Daan as well as Tarpan. When soul goes away leaving its body, then it’s smallest of the smallest part wanders around everywhere and they get salvation as per their deeds. Unsatisfied souls keep on wandering around. However, souls who get their Shradh done properly at places like Gaya, Prayag, Ujjain and allied places, goes to heaven.
A small portion of the food is also offered to the crows, cows and dogs that is considered as a connection between the world of the living and our ancestors before offering it to Brahmin. Round balls of rice and flour, called pinda, are also offered, along with the sacred kusha grass and flowers, amidst sprinkling of water and chanting of mantras.
On each day of the dark fortnight (Pitra Paksha), special offerings are made to the ancestors whose lunar date (Tithi) of death corresponds to that particular day. One must offer food to Brahmin and donate Yatha Shakti.